Schengen Agreement Member States

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Unless special security conditions apply, a Schengen visa holder can cross all internal borders of Schengen without having to go through documentary checks. Internal borders can also be temporarily restored (no more than 30 days) by a Member State in the event of a serious security threat. Although they are EU Member States, Bulgaria and Romania (accession on 1 January 2007), Cyprus (accession on 1 May 2004) and Croatia (accession on 1 July 2013) only partially implement the Schengen acquis and therefore do not establish Schengen visas. The agreement removed the common border controls of signatories within the zone, allowing individuals to travel freely within the zone. It gives residents of border areas the freedom to cross the borders of fixed checkpoints and has harmonized visa policy, meaning you can get a Schengen visa for short stays of less than 90 days. Under the Schengen Agreement, travel from one country to another within the Schengen area is done without border controls. The Schengen visa even allows you to visit all the countries of the Schengen area and cross internal borders without further formalities. On 8 April 2020, the European Commission asked EU and Schengen Member States to extend the entry restriction of third-country nationals for non-essential travel by 30 days until 15 May 2020. [175] On 8 May 2020, the European Commission again asked Member States to extend the restriction for a further 30 days until 15 June 2020. [176] On 11 June 2020, the European Commission recommended that Member States extend the entry restriction of third-country nationals for non-essential travel until 30 June 2020. [177] Following the entry into force of the new regime on 7 April 2017, significantly longer waiting times were reported at many external border crossing points, especially as it was shortly before the Easter holidays. Travellers entering Slovenia from Croatia (although a Member State of the European Union is not yet a member of the Schengen area) had to wait several hours, with Slovenian border guards systematically checking the travel documents of all travellers (including those who have the right to move freely) using relevant databases.

[199] Slovenian Prime Minister Miro Cerar acknowledged that the situation was „unacceptable“.

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